Seasons in Nepal

Seasons In Nepal

In the Western world, there are four seasons throughout the year. But, here are six seasons in Nepal. Additional two seasons can be described as the Early Summer & Early Autumn. Find out everything about different seasons of Nepal.


4 Seasons In Nepal

Let’s define Nepali seasons as Western world seasons in 4 sections.

Here are the four seasons of Nepal.

Spring (March-May)

Spring season in Nepal will start from March and lasts till May, also known as Pre Monsoon season. During this season, you can see a wide variety of flowers blooming, such as national flower Rhododendron, magnolia, and other wildflowers in various parts of the country.

The months between March-April are considered the second-best season for trekking in Nepal. Because at that time, high passes are usually snow-free, and the mountain views are still clear in April. Spring season is considered as variable weather season in Nepal because of warm day & night and neither too hot nor too cold weather.

Summer (June-August)

Summer is also the monsoon season of Nepal. The summer season will start from June and lasts till August in Nepal. During the summer season, it almost rains daily with the occasional thunderstorm.

Also, during summer, sometimes heavy rainfall can cause landslide in some areas of Nepal. Temperature lies between 20 and 35 degrees. However, the Terai and the hilly regions experience much higher temperatures due to the scorching sun.

Autumn (September-November)

September, October, and November are the months of Autumn, also said as Post Monsson season in Nepal. In the Autumn season, Nepal attracts a large number of tourists. 

Autumn is the best time to visit Nepal as the climate and temperate is cool at this time. Autumn season filled with clear weather with a cool environment. Furthermore, Autumn is the season when the major two festivals of Nepal, Dashain, and Tihar celebrated.

Winter (December-February)

Nepal enjoys the winter season during December-February. The days of winter are cold and sunny. Very cold and occasional snowfall at high altitudes is common in winter. The temperature will reach almost the freezing point during the season, while hilly regions experience rough weather and heavy snow.

It is the perfect time for you to visit Nepal if you want to experience snowfall. You can enjoy snow even at the nearest hill stations of Kathmandu like Kalinchowk.

Nepali Seasons

Ritus are the main season of Nepal. Rather than defining Nepali seasons like western seasons, it would be better to know about six seasons in Nepal on 6 Nepali Ritus.

Here are the 6 seasons of Nepal.

Basanta Ritu (mid-March to mid-May)

Spring season is called Basanta Ritu write in Nepali. It spans two months – mid-March to mid-May. According to the Nepali calendar, it means Chaitra and Baisakh. Basanta Ritu comes after Shishir Ritu, winter season in Nepal.

In this season, New buds have grown in trees, and flowers bloom. The temperature is also medium, not too cold and not too hot. You can experience windy days and nights during Basanta Ritu in Nepal.

Grishma Ritu (mid-May to mid-July)

Grishma Ritu spans from mid-May to mid-July of the English calendar. According to the Nepali calendar, it means Jestha and Aashad month.

Grishma Ritu (summer season of Nepal) is the hottest season of all seasons in Nepal. The flowers fall, and fruits grow in trees. For agriculture, this is the best season to produce a crop. Farmers plants summer crops like paddy in this season.

Barsha Ritu (mid-July to mid-September)

According to the English English calendar, it lasts from mid-July to mid-September month. Likewise, according to the Nepali calendar, Barsha Ritu starts in Shrawan and ends in Bhadra month.

The rainy season is called Barsha Ritu in Nepal. Barsha stands for Rain in English. At this season, almost always raindrops from the sky. This season is known for paddy plantation for farmers.

Sharad Ritu (mid-September to mid-November)

Sharad Ritu, the Autumn season of Nepal, starts in Ashwin and ends in Kartik month of the Nepali calendar. According to the English calendar, Sharad Ritu falls from mid-September to mid-November month. 

Sharad Ritu is the season of festivals. The major best festivals of Nepal Teej, Dashain, and Tihar, are the main attraction of the season. Sharad Ritu is also known as the best time(season) to visit Nepal for adventure activities like trekking & peak climbing because of the excellent weather, relaxed environment, neither hot nor cold & magnificent mountain views.

Hemanta Ritu (mid-November to mid-January)

Hemanta Ritu, The pre-winter season in Nepal, starts in Mangsir and ends in Poush month of the Nepali calendar. According to the English calendar, it falls from mid-November to mid-January. The temperature begins to fall, and people prepare themselves for the winter. Farmers busy themselves in agriculture fields.

Shishir Ritu (mid-January to mid-April)

Shishir Ritu, Winter Nepal’s winter season, starts in Magh and ends in Falgun month of the Nepali calendar. According to the English calendar, it falls from mid-January to mid-April.

This season of Shishir Ritu is the coldest season of the all seasonal year of Nepal. Snow falls in an area of high altitude is a daily occurrence during this season.

Seasons in Nepal can be more clear from the table below.

Nepali RituSeasons in NepalEnglish Months
Basanta Spring Mid-March to Mid-May
Grishma Early Summer Mid-May to Mid-July
Barkha Summer MonsoonMid-July to Mid-September
Sharad Early Autumn Mid-September to Mid-November
Hemanta Late Autumn Mid-November to Mid-January
Shishir WinterMid-January to Mid-April

Here is the video about Nepali Seasons, well explained by Dilli Poudel

About Author

Sudeep is a co-founder of Up To Himalaya. He has trekked almost all mountains in Nepal including Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Manaslu, Kanchenjunga & many more. He would love to help people to make their holiday unforgettable by sharing his own experiences on the Himalayas of Nepal. If you want any information related to different trekking trails of Nepal while planning your trip, You can directly contact him on +977-9817223143.

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